5 | The Seasons and Latitude

The Seasons and Latitude

  • The further away from the equator an area is, the greater the difference between seasons.
  • This is because the change in angle towards the sun is greater and the change in day length is greater between the seasons.
  • Equatorial regions experience little seasonal variation in terms of temperature. Instead of the four seasons, they experience a wet season and a dry season.
  • Polar regions experience the greatest temperature variations between seasons. They experience a much longer winter than summer and a very short spring and autumn.
  • Mid-latitude regions, between the equator and the poles, typically experience a distinct four-season year.


 seasonal variation equatorial regions tropics  seasonal variation mid-latitude regions  seasonal variation polar regions

Equatorial regions experience little temperature variation, but a distinct wet season and dry season.
Mid-latitude regions experience a distinct four-season year.
Polar regions experience long winters and short summers

(Images: 18042011, Adobe Stock; standret, Adobe Stock; Luis, Adobe Stock)