Learning Objective

In this lesson we will learn about the different types of acid-base reactions and the products they form.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this lesson you will be able to:

  • Identify acid-base reactions.
  • Write the generalised chemical equations for different types of acid-base reactions.
  • Determine the products of acid-base reactions.

 
acid base reactions lesson contents

(Image: Anchalee, Adobe Stock)

Lesson Topics

1 | Introduction to Acid-Base Reactions

2 | Acids in Solution

3 | Bases in Solution

4 | Neutralisation Reactions

5 | Determining the Type of Salt Produced in Acid-Base Reactions

6 | Reactions Between Acids and Metal Hydroxides

7 | Reactions Between Acids and Metal Oxides

8 | Reactions Between Acids and Metal Carbonates

9 | Reactions Between Acids and Metal Hydrogen Carbonates

 


Lesson Summary

  • Chemical reactions between acids and bases are known as neutralisation reactions.
  • Neutralisation reactions result in the formation of ionic compounds known as salts.
  • Depending on the type of base, neutralisation reactions will also produce water, or both water and carbon dioxide.
  • There are four main types of acid-base reactions, depending on the type of base and the products formed.
  • Reactions between acids and metal hydroxides:
  • Acid  +  Metal Hydroxide    Salt  +  Water
  • Reactions between acids and metal oxides:
  • Acid  +  Metal Oxide    Salt  +  Water
  • Reactions between acids and metal carbonates:
  • Acid  +  Metal Carbonate    Salt  +  Water  +  Carbon Dioxide
  • Reactions between acids and metal hydrogen carbonates:
  • Acid  +  Metal Hydrogen Carbonate    Salt  +  Water  +  Carbon Dioxide

 
acetic acid sodium hydrogen carbonate base reaction

(Image: katerha, Wikimedia Commons)

(Header image: Alessandro e Damiano, Wikimedia Commons)

 


 
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